Gloucester County is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 36,858. Its county seat is Gloucester Courthouse. The county was founded in 1651 in the Virginia Colony and is named for Henry Stuart, Duke of Gloucester (third son of King Charles I of England).
Gloucester County is included in the Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC Metropolitan Statistical Area. A part of the Middle Peninsula region, it borders the York River and the lower Chesapeake Bay. Gloucester County is about 75 miles (121 km) east of Virginia’s capital, Richmond.